Nutrition


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Moringa oleifera
nutritional profile

The Miracle Tree, Moringa oleifera leaves and pods contain 90+ nutrients, with 46 antioxidants, and 36 anti-inflammatories.  Researchers are calling it the most nutrient rich plant on earth. Nature’s ultimate multi-vitamin is not genetically modified or altered by humans.  Moringa is the key ingredient in ALL of Zija's all-natural products, and very special care is taken to maintain nutrient integrity.  Zija's Moringa is enzymatically alive and 100% bio-available for maximum absorption.

 PROTEIN    

Moringa leaves are about 40% protein, with 19 amino acids including all 9 essential amino acids present in various amounts (histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, valine).  Moringa is considered to have the highest protein ratio of any plant so far studied on earth.

HISTIDINE is used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, allergies, ulcers, and anemia. A lack of histidine may lead to poor hearing.

ISOLEUCINE builds proteins and enzymes and it provides ingredients used to create other essential biochemical components in your body, some of which promote energy and stimulate the brain to keep you alert.

LEUCINE works with isoleucine to build proteins and enzymes which enhance your body’s energy and alertness.

LYSINE insures your body absorbs the right amount of calcium. It also helps form collagen used in your bone cartilage and connective tissues. And lysine aids in the production of antibodies, hormones, and enzymes. Recent studies have shown lysine improves the balance of nutrients that reduce viral growth.

METHIONINE primarily supplies sulfur to your body. It is known to prevent hair, skin, and nail problems while lowering cholesterol levels as it increases your liver’s production of lecithin. Methionine reduces liver fat and protects the kidneys, which reduces bladder irritation.

PHENYLALANINE produces the chemical needed to transmit signals between your nerve cells and your brain. It can help keep you alert, reduce your hunger pains, plus improve your memory and your mood.

THREONINE is an important part of collagen, elastin, and enamel proteins. Not only does it assist metabolism, threonine helps prevent fat build-up in the liver while boosting your body’s digestive and intestinal tracts.

TRYPTOPHAN supports your immune system, alleviates insomnia, reduces anxiety, depression, and the symptoms of migraine headaches. It also is beneficial in decreasing the risk of artery and heart spasms as it works with lysine to reduce cholesterol levels.

VALINE is important in promoting a sharp mind, coordinated muscles, and a calm mood.

ALANINE is important when it comes to building energy in your muscle tissue, brain, and central nervous system. It strengthens your immune system by producing antibodies. Alanine also helps in the healthy metabolism of sugars and organic acids in your body.

ASPARTIC ACID helps rid your body of ammonia created by cellular waste. When the ammonia enters your circulatory system it can act as a highly toxic substance which can damage your central nervous system. Recent studies have also shown that aspartic acid may decrease fatigue and increase endurance.

ARGININE has been shown in studies to cause the release of the growth hormones considered crucial for optimal muscle growth and tissue repair. It also improves immune responses to bacteria, viruses, and tumor cells while promoting the healing of your body’s wounds.

CYSTEINE functions as an antioxidant and is a powerful aid to the body in protecting against radiation and pollution. It can help slow the aging process, deactivate free radicals, and neutralize toxins. It also aids in protein synthesis and presents cellular change. It is necessary for the formation of new skin cells, which aids in the recovery from burns and surgical operations.

GLUTAMINE is used in the body to balance the acid/alkaline level.  It is the basis or building blocks of RNA and DNA. It serves as a source of fuel for cells lining the intestines, and is used by white blood cells important for immune function.

GLUTAMIC ACID produced from Glutamine is food for the brain. It improves mental capacities, helps speed the healing of ulcers, reduces fatigue, and curbs your sugar cravings.

GLYCINE promotes the release of oxygen required in the cell-making process. It is also important in the manufacturing of hormones responsible for a strong immune system.

PROLINE is extremely important for the proper function of your joints and tendons. It also helps maintain and strengthen heart muscles.

SERINE is important in storing glucose in the liver and muscles. Its antibodies help strengthen your body’s immune system. Plus, it synthesizes fatty acid sheaths around nerve fibers.

TYROSINE transmits nerve impulses to your brain. It helps overcome depression; improves memory; increases mental alertness; plus promotes the healthy functioning of the thyroid, adrenal, and pituitary glands.

 

VITAMINS

Moringa is a vitamin haven.  The amounts of beta-carotene, Vitamin C and Vitamin E found in Moringa exceed those amounts commonly found in most other plants. 

BETA-CAROTENE (pro-vitamin A)  Moringa leaves contain more beta-carotene than carrots, about three to five times more, ounce per ounce.  There is about 7-8 mg of beta-carotene in 100g (about 3 oz).  The daily recommended value is about 1 mg.  The body produces Vitamin A from beta-carotene.  It is believed that Vitamin A is the most important vitamin for immune protection against all kinds of infections.  It is involved in healing and bone development.  Beta-carotene guards against heart disease and can keep harmful lipoproteins containing cholesterol from damaging the heart and coronary arteries.  It also helps prevent certain types of cancers and stroke.  To provide the best anti-cancer protection, beta-carotene should be present with Vitamin C and Vitamin E, and Selenium.  Moringa has them all. 

VITAMIN C:  Just one ounce of Moringa leaves contains the daily recommended amount of Vitamin C (60 mg).  In fact, it is so rich in Vitamin C that, ounce per ounce, it contains 6 – 7 times that found in orange juice. Vitamin C strengthens our immune system and fights infectious diseases including colds and flu. 

VITAMIN E:  Moringa contains large amounts of Vitamin E, at 113 mg per 100 g (about 3 oz) of the dried leaf powder.  The recommended daily intake of Vitamin E is 10 mg.  Vitamin E is a potent anti-oxidant that helps prevent premature aging and degenerative diseases including heart disease, arthritis, diabetes and cancer.  It also protects the body from pollution, increases stamina and reduces or prevents hot flashes in menopause.  It promotes young-looking skin, as well as healing and reducing scar tissue from forming. 

VITAMIN B1 (Thiamin)   Moringa leaves contain high amounts of Vitamin B1 even compared with the best sources already known.  It is higher than green peas, black beans (boiled) and corn (boiled).  Vitamin B1 is vital for the production of energy in each cell and it plays an essential role in the metabolism of various carbohydrates. 

VITAMIN B2 (Riboflavin)  Moringa leaves compare with broccoli and spinach in Vitamin B2 content.  Vitamin B2 is required for the production of energy, proper use of oxygen and the metabolism of amino acids, fats and carbohydrates. It is needed to activate vitamin B6 and assist the adrenal glands.  It is important for red blood cell formation, antibody production and growth.  And it is required for healthy mucus membranes, skin, and for the absorption of iron and certain vitamins. 

VITAMIN B3 (Niacin)  Moringa leaves and pods contain about 0.5 – 0.8 mg of Vitamin B3 per 100 grams (about 3 ounces).  Recommended daily intake is 18 mg.  Vitamin B3 is important for energy production and metabolism of protein, fats and carbohydrates.  It supports the function of the digestive system and promotes healthy skin and nerves.  Vitamins B1, B2 and B3 work synergistically. 

CHOLINE  Moringa leaves and pods contain about 423 mg of Choline per 100 g (3 oz).  Diet recommendations call for about 400-550 mg/day.  Choline is critical for normal membrane structure and cellular function.  It is used by the kidneys to maintain water balance and by the liver for synthesis of various compounds.  It is used to produce the important neurotransmitter acetylcholine.  It is also vital for the developing fetus and infant.   

Other vitamins that Moringa contains include B5 (Pantothenic Acid), B6 (Pyridoxine), B7 (Biotin), B9 (Folate), B12, Vitamin D (Cholecalciferol), and vitamin K.  

 
MINERALS

CALCIUM  Ounce per ounce, Moringa leaves contain far higher amounts of calcium than most plants, and 4 times the amount of calcium found in milk. Calcium builds strong bones and teeth and helps prevent osteoporosis. 

IRON Ounce per ounce, Moringa leaves contain over three times the amount of iron found in roast beef, and three times that found in spinach.  Iron is necessary for many functions in the body including formation of hemoglobin, brain development and function, regulation of body temperature and muscle activity.  Iron is essential for binding oxygen to the blood cells. The central function of iron is oxygen transport and cell respiration.

POTASSIUM  Bananas are an excellent source of potassium but ounce per ounce, Moringa leaves contain three times the potassium of bananas.  Potassium is essential for the brain and nerves.

Other minerals that Moringa
contains include selenium, zinc, magnesium, phosphorus, copper, sulfur, manganese, chromium, chloride, fluorine, molybdenum

FATTY ACIDS

Moringa oleifera leaves and seeds contain a plethora of beneficial fatty acids including both essential fatty acids (EFA’s), Omega 3 and 6Moringa seeds contain between 30-42% oil, with 13% saturated fats and 82% unsaturated fatty acids.  Oleifera is the Latin term for “oil containing.”  About 73% of the Moringa oil is oleic acid, while in most beneficial plant oils, oleic acid only contributes up to 40%.  Olive oil is about 75% oleic acid, and sunflower is about 20%.  Oleic acid is linked to lower rates of cardiovascular disease, neurological disease, artherosclerosis, infections, and certain types of cancer, and it helps to regulate blood glucose levels.

Fatty Acids contained in Moringa include Omega 3, Omega 6, Omega 9, Stearic Acid, Palmitic Acid, Palmitoleic Acid, Myristic Acid, Lignoceric Acid, Gadoleic Acid, Behenic Acid



OTHER KEY NUTRIENTS FOUND IN MORINGA

CHLOROPHYLL  Moringa is one of the few foods that contain chlorophyll together with so many other nutrients.  Chlorophyll is often referred to as the ‘blood’ of plants. Studies have shown that it supports liver function and detoxification of the body. 

BETA-SITOSTEROL  Beta-sitosterol is a specific plant sterol which has been shown to reduce blood cholesterol levels and also improve other blood lipid levels, bringing them to a more normal range.  Plant sterols like beta-sitosterol are also proven to be very beneficial in preventing and treating prostate enlargement due to aging, and have been found to reduce the growth of prostate and colon cancer cells.  Beta-sitosterol also boosts the immune system, has anti-inflammatory properties, helps normalize blood sugar, supports the pancreas, helps to heal ulcers and can alleviate cramps. 

ZEATIN:  Biochemical analysis has revealed that the Moringa leaves and leaf powder contain unusually high amounts of plant hormones named cytokinins, such as zeatin and the related dihyrozeatin.  Scientists have found zeatin in very low concentrations in plants, with zeatin concentrations varying between .00002 mcg/g material to .02 mcg/g.  The zeatin concentration in Moringa leaves gathered from various parts of the world was found to be very high, between 5 mcg and 200 mcg/g material, or thousands of times more concentrated than most plants studied so far.  CYTOKININS function as plant hormones, which are naturally occurring growth promoters and factors that delay the process of aging in many plants.  In cultured human cells, cytokinins have proven to delay biochemical modifications associated with aging.  Zeatin has potent antioxidant properties, and has been shown to protect the skin and increase the activity of known anti-oxidant enzymes that naturally fight aging.  It has also been shown to protect animals against neuronal toxicity induced by age specific factors, and in the laboratory setting, to inhibit cancer cell growth and induce their differentiation back into normal cells. 

LUTEIN:
  Moringa has extraordinary amounts of lutein.  100 g of leaves contain more than 70 mg, while the recommended daily amount for the best protective antioxidant activity is 5 – 20 mg for an adult.  Lutein promotes healthy eyes by reducing the risk of macular degeneration. 

CAFFEOYLQUINIC ACIDS:  Moringa leaves contain 0.5 – 1% caffeoylquinic acids, coming very close to the content that makes artichokes famous.  Caffeoylquinic acids are antioxidants considered to be choleretic (bile increasing which helps to digest dietary fats), hepatoprotective (effective against hepatitis and other liver diseases), cholesterol-reducing, and diuretic. 

NOTE:  Complex mixtures of naturally occurring antioxidants from plants are the most effective and beneficial protectors against oxidation and aging.  Moringa contains many other antioxidants including alpha carotene, xanthins, kaempferol, quercetin, and rutin.

 
 
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